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What Is Sacroiliac Joint Pain?

Sacroiliac joint pain takes place at or on the sacroiliac joint which is located between the pelvis and the spine.

This joint is unique from other joints in the same region in that it aids in the function of moving the pelvic bone, It also plays another important role in the normal, day-to-day function of this part of the body.

Having pain in your sacroiliac joint can significantly impact the overall functionality and quality of life of those who are affected by sacroiliac pain.

The sacroiliac joint is formed on one end of the sacrum, which is where the spine ends, and the ilium which is the bony, wing-shaped protruded structure of the pelvis. This area is also a critical component of the hip joint. In some cases, the ilium and the sacrum can fuse together and become one bone. This instance is a common side effect  of aging, but it can be harmful because it is a byproduct of the deterioration of the protective cartilage that covers each of these individual joint surfaces.

The damage or dysfunction of cartilage in the body can cause degenerative arthritis, which is a painful condition that can affect the sacroiliac joint. The direct contact between the sacrum and the ilium bones can cause arthritis, which is exhibited by inflammation and pain within that area or region. Individuals who suffer from sacroiliac pain may  experience pain in the location of the sacroiliac joint, or in the more general area around the pelvic. This pain is typically exacerbated from walking, running, or standing, and appears to diminish when patients are in the recumbent position.

What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is a condition when pain occurs along the largest nerve in the entire body, the sciatic nerve. The origin of the nerve is in the region of the lumbar of the spine, and stretches deep into the buttocks, emerges, and ends just above the posterior side of the knee. Sciatica is not technically a medical diagnosis, but is used to describe a symptom of an underlying disease. Sciatica is caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve, and can lead to a variety of symptoms which include

  • Single-side or unilateral pain of the leg or buttock
  • A tingling sensation that goes down the leg or foot
  • Pain while sitting normally
  • Numbness through the leg or foot
  • A general feeling of weakness in the muscles of your leg or foot

The descriptions of pain that are involved with sciatica can vary across a broad spectrum, and that particular nerve pain can be felt as either a cramping or burning sensation. This condition can occur infrequently and just be slightly uncomfortable, or constant with excruciating amounts of pain.. Sneezing, coughing, or sitting for any extended period of time can exacerbate the symptoms. Sciatica almost never causes any kind of permanent damage to the body.  The most common time for sciatica to peak is in middle age.

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